Courses in an university

All submissions for this problem are available.
Read problems statements in mandarin chinese, russian and vietnamese as well.
There are n courses in a university being offered. These courses are numbered from 1 to n in the increasing order of their difficulty. For each course, you can have some courses as prerequisites. The prerequisite courses for a course should be of lower difficulty than it. You are given an array a of size n, where a_{i} denotes that there should be at least a_{i} prerequisite courses for ith course.
The university wants to estimate the efficiency of the allocation of prerequisites of courses by maximizing the number of courses that are not prerequisites for any other course. Find out what's the maximum such number of courses possible. It is guaranteed that a_{i} < i, thus making sure that it is possible to allocate the prerequisites for each of the course.
Input
The first line of the input contains an integer T denoting the number of test cases. The description of T test cases follows.
The first line of each test case contains an integer n.
The second line of each test case contains n space separated integers denoting array a.
Output
For each test case, output a single line containing an integer corresponding to the maximum number of possible courses which are not prerequisite for any other course.
Constraints
 1 ≤ T ≤ 10
 1 ≤ n ≤ 10^{5}
 0 ≤ a_{i} < i
Subtasks
 Subtask #1 (40 points) : 1 ≤ n ≤ 100
 Subtask #2 (60 points) : original constraints
Example
Input: 2 3 0 1 1 3 0 1 2 Output: 2 1
Explanation
Example case 1. Both the courses 2 and 3 can have course 1 as a prerequisite. In this case, course 2 and course 3 are not prerequisites for any course. So, we have two such courses.
Other possibility could be following. Course 2 has course 1 as a prerequisite, and course 3 has course 2 as a prerequisite. Thus only course 3 is the only course that is not the prerequisite of any other course.
Thus answer is 2.
Author:  admin2 
Editorial  https://discuss.codechef.com/problems/UNICOURS 
Tags  admin2, longcontest, may17 
Date Added:  4052017 
Time Limit:  2 sec 
Source Limit:  50000 Bytes 
Languages:  C, CPP14, JAVA, PYTH, PYTH 3.5, PYPY, CS2, PAS fpc, PAS gpc, RUBY, PHP, GO, NODEJS, HASK, SCALA, D, PERL, FORT, WSPC, ADA, CAML, ICK, BF, ASM, CLPS, PRLG, ICON, SCM qobi, PIKE, ST, NICE, LUA, BASH, NEM, LISP sbcl, LISP clisp, SCM guile, JS, ERL, TCL, PERL6, TEXT, SCM chicken, CLOJ, FS 
Comments
 Please login at the top to post a comment.
SUCCESSFUL SUBMISSIONS
Fetching successful submissions
HELP
If you are still having problems, see a sample solution here. 