Polo the Penguin and the Lucky String

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Read problems statements in Russian here
Polo, the Penguin, likes lucky strings  the strings that consist only of lucky digits 4 and 7.
He has a lucky string S. Digits in this string are numbered from left to right starting with 1. He performs the following operations on the string while it is possible to do so:
 Find a set of all positions, P, such that for every position i in P, S[i] = 4 and S[i+1] = 7. (For example, if S = 744744747, then P = {3, 6, 8}.) Add all elements in P to the result. If there is no such position, then STOP.
 Erase all digits in string S with positions i and i + 1 for all i in the set P. After erasing all such digits from S repeat Step 1. (For example, the new S = 744)
Find the result that he will get at the end.
Input
The first line of the input contains an integer T denoting the number of test cases. The description of T test cases follows. The first line of each test case contains a single integer N denoting the size of the string S. The second line contains the lucky string S.
Output
For each test case, output a single line containing the answer to the corresponding test case.
Constraints
 1 ≤ T ≤ 100,000
 1 ≤ S ≤ 100,000
 The total length of all strings will not exceed 100,000
Example
Input: 2 4 4747 10 4447477747 Output: 4 20
Explanation
Example case 1. In this case, there is just a single iteration. Since P = {1, 3}, the answer is 1 + 3 = 4.
Example case 2. In this case, there are three iterations. On the first iteration P = {3, 5, 9}. On the second iteration S = 4477, P = {2}. On the third iteration S = 47, P = {1}. So the answer is 3 + 5 + 9 + 2 + 1 = 20.
Author:  witua 
Editorial  http://discuss.codechef.com/problems/PPLUCKY 
Tags  bit, cook39, fenwick, medium, segmenttree, witua 
Date Added:  21092013 
Time Limit:  1 sec 
Source Limit:  50000 Bytes 
Languages:  C, CPP14, JAVA, PYTH, PYTH 3.5, CS2, PAS fpc, PAS gpc, RUBY, PHP, GO, NODEJS, HASK, SCALA, D, PERL, FORT, WSPC, ADA, CAML, ICK, BF, ASM, CLPS, PRLG, ICON, SCM qobi, PIKE, ST, NICE, LUA, BASH, NEM, LISP sbcl, LISP clisp, SCM guile, JS, ERL, TCL, PERL6, TEXT, CLOJ, FS 
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