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Read problems statements in Mandarin Chinese, Russian and Vietnamese as well.
Chef Al Gorithm was reading a book about climate and oceans when he encountered the word “glaciological”. He thought it was quite curious, because it has the following interesting property: For every two letters in the word, if the first appears x times and the second appears y times, then |x - y| ≤ 1.
Chef Al was happy about this and called such words 1-good words. He also generalized the concept: He said a word was K-good if for every two letters in the word, if the first appears x times and the second appears y times, then |x - y| ≤ K.
Now, the Chef likes K-good words a lot and so was wondering: Given some word w, how many letters does he have to remove to make it K-good?
The first line of the input contains an integer T denoting the number of test cases. The description of T test cases follows.
Each test case consists of a single line containing two things: a word w and an integer K, separated by a space.
For each test case, output a single line containing a single integer: the minimum number of letters he has to remove to make the word K-good.
- 1 ≤ T ≤ 30
- 1 ≤ |w| ≤ 105
- 0 ≤ K ≤ 105
- w contains only lowercase English letters.
Input: 4 glaciological 1 teammate 0 possessions 3 defenselessness 3 Output: 0 0 1 2
Example case 1. The word “glaciological” is already 1-good, so the Chef doesn't have to remove any letter.
Example case 2. Similarly, “teammate” is already 0-good.
Example case 3. The word “possessions” is 4-good. To make it 3-good, the Chef can remove the last s to make “possession”.
Example case 4. The word “defenselessness” is 4-good. To make it 3-good, Chef Al can remove an s and an e to make, for example, “defenslesness”. Note that the word doesn't have to be a valid English word.
|Tags||easy, greedy-algo, kevinsogo, snckql16, strings|
|Time Limit:||1 sec|
|Source Limit:||50000 Bytes|
|Languages:||ADA, ASM, BASH, BF, C, C99 strict, CAML, CLOJ, CLPS, CPP 4.3.2, CPP 6.3, CPP14, CS2, D, ERL, FORT, FS, GO, HASK, ICK, ICON, JAVA, JS, LISP clisp, LISP sbcl, LUA, NEM, NICE, NODEJS, PAS fpc, PAS gpc, PERL, PERL6, PHP, PIKE, PRLG, PYPY, PYTH, PYTH 3.5, RUBY, SCALA, SCM chicken, SCM guile, SCM qobi, ST, TCL, TEXT, WSPC|
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