Chef and Strings
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Read problems statements in Mandarin Chinese and Russian.
Chef likes strings a lot but moreover he likes good strings. Chef calls a string str a good string if str starts and ends at different characters. For eg : strings such as abab , baccba , abc are all good strings whereas strings like aba, baab , baacaab are not good at all .
Today, Chef has a special string P consisting of lower case letters "c" , "h" , "e" and "f" only. Chef wants to make some queries about his string P.
Each of chef's query has the following form a b L R. For a given query, Chef wants to count the number of good strings which starts at letter a and ends at letter b such that starting index Si and ending index Ei of a chosen substring satisfies L <= Si < Ei <= R.
Two substrings P1 and P2 are considered to be different if either S1 != S2 or E1 != E2 where S1,E1 and S2,E2 are the starting and ending index of string P1 and string P2 respectively.
Chef is not able to accomplish this task efficiently. Can you help him ?
First line of the input contains a string P denoting the chef's special string. Next line of the input contains a single integer Q denoting the number of chef's queries. Next Q lines of the input contains four space separated parameters where the first two parameters are characters denoting a and b respectively and rest two are integers denoting L and R respectively.
For each chef's query, print the required answer.
- 1 <= |P| <= 106
- 1 <= Q <= 106
- 1 <= L <= R <= |P|
- P,a,b belongs to the set of lower case letters [c,h,e,f] and a != b.
- All test files are strictly according to constraints.
- Subtask #1: 1<=|P|,Q<=104 : 27 pts
- Subtask #2: 1<=|P|,Q<=105 : 25 pts
- Subtask #3: 1<=|P|,Q<=106 : 48 pts
Input checfcheff 5 c h 1 10 c f 1 10 e c 1 10 c f 1 5 c f 6 10 Output 4 8 2 2 2
- Q1 : good strings are ch , checfch , cfch , ch
- Q2 : good strings are checf , checfchef , checfcheff , cf , cfchef , cfcheff , chef , cheff
Large test data set, Prefer to use faster input/output methods .
|Tags||feb15, ma5termind, precalculation|
|Time Limit:||1 sec|
|Source Limit:||50000 Bytes|
|Languages:||C, CPP14, JAVA, PYTH, PYTH 3.6, CS2, PAS fpc, PAS gpc, RUBY, PHP, GO, NODEJS, HASK, SCALA, D, PERL, FORT, WSPC, ADA, CAML, ICK, BF, ASM, CLPS, PRLG, ICON, SCM qobi, PIKE, ST, NICE, LUA, BASH, NEM, LISP sbcl, LISP clisp, SCM guile, JS, ERL, TCL, PERL6, TEXT, CLOJ, FS|
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