Chef and Hamming Distance of arrays
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Read problems statements in Vietnamese.
Chef likes to work with arrays a lot. Today he has an array A of length N consisting of positive integers. Chef's little brother likes to follow his elder brother, so he thought of creating an array B of length N. The little brother is too small to think of new numbers himself, so he decided to use all the elements of array A to create the array B. In other words, array B is obtained by shuffling the elements of array A.
The little brother doesn't want Chef to know that he has copied the elements of his array A. Therefore, he wants to create the array B in such a way that the Hamming distance between the two arrays A and B is maximized. The Hamming distance between A and B is the number of indices i (1 ≤ i ≤ N) such that Ai ≠ Bi.
The brother needs your help in finding any such array B. Can you please find one such array for him?
Note that it's guaranteed that no element in A appears more than twice, i.e. frequency of each element is at most 2.
- The first line of the input contains a single integer T denoting the number of test cases. The description of T test cases follows.
- The first line of each test case contains an integer N denoting the length of the array A.
- The second line contains N space-separated integers A1, A2 ... AN.
- For each test case, print two lines.
- The first line should contain the maximum possible Hamming distance that array B can have from array A.
- The second line should contain N space-separated integers denoting the array B; the i-th integer should denote the value of Bi. Note that B should be an array obtained after shuffling the elements of A.
- 1 ≤ T ≤ 10
- 1 ≤ N ≤ 105
- 1 ≤ Ai ≤ 105
- The frequency of each integer in the array A will be at most 2.
Subtask #1 (30 points): all elements in the array A are unique
Subtask #2 (30 points): 5 ≤ N ≤ 105
Subtask #3 (40 points): original constraints
Input 3 2 1 2 3 1 2 1 4 2 6 5 2 Output 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 4 6 2 2 5
|Time Limit:||3 sec|
|Source Limit:||50000 Bytes|
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